Leaders are either monafilament or wire that is more abrasion-resistant and heavier than fishing line alone. The leader connects the end of the line to the bait and hook. It's used to protect your fishing line and help prevent it from breaking -- or being bitten in half -- while you reel in larger fish. A leader is not always necessary, and it typically is used only when there is concern that a fish will create enough force to snap your line.

Many people prefer to fish solely with lures, which are artificial baits designed to entice fish to strike. The artificial bait angler uses a man-made lure that may or may not represent prey. The lure may require a specialised presentation to impart an enticing action as, for example, in fly fishing. Recently, electronic lures have been developed to attract fish. Anglers have also begun using plastic bait. A common way to fish a soft plastic worm is the Texas rig.
HOOKS: When using live bait, smaller hooks are easier to get started in a fish’s mouth than bigger ones. Try size 6 hooks for panfish and crappie. Size 1 hooks work well for bass or catfish. Circle hooks are the ideal hooks for beginners. They won’t end up in a fish’s stomach; instead, they stick in the corner of the fish’s mouth, making for an easy hook removal. Plus, you don’t have to set the hook, just start reeling and the fish hooks itself.
Fishing nets are meshes usually formed by knotting a relatively thin thread. Between 177 and 180 the Greek author Oppian wrote the Halieutica, a didactic poem about fishing. He described various means of fishing including the use of nets cast from boats, scoop nets held open by a hoop, and various traps "which work while their masters sleep". Ancient fishing nets used threads made from leaves, plant stalk and cocoon silk. They could be rough in design and material but some designs were amazingly close to designs we use today (Parker 2002). Modern nets are usually made of artificial polyamides like nylon, although nets of organic polyamides such as wool or silk thread were common until recently and are still used.
These are a bit more finicky than the smallmouth, but they’re just as abundant. And according to most people, they’re the fish of choice for your dinner plate. Their soft, white, flaky flesh is delicious and you know what I’m talking about if you’ve enjoyed a meal in the past…..if you haven’t, you should read on to find out how to get these Northwood’s treasures into your camp frying pan. Early in spring right after ice out is when walleye spawn. During this time they can be caught pretty easily in shallow water on rocky points or gravel beds. They also school in moving water, so this is a place to focus on as well. For the first few weeks after the fishing opener, this is where you’ll find the walleye; but as the water warms and spring turns to early summer, they move out into deeper water around reefs and sunken islands out in the middle of the boundary waters lakes. You’ll find them anywhere between 15 and 40 feet in the summer depending on the weather and if it is overcast or not. But they always come up in the evenings and feed on reefs, rocky points around islands and drop-offs. You’ll find this to be the best time to fish walleye in 10 to 20 feet when the sun is dropping and as night is setting in. The ideal water temperature for walleyes is 65 degrees. Walleyes are more nocturnal because of their sensitivity to light. So don’t waste your time when the sun is high in the sky on a clear day….this is the time to go fish smallmouth or lake trout.
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The coho fishing started strong and just continued to strengthen, peaking by the hour. There was a session with Jim Bean at "Porpoise Flats" that goes down as the BEST 90 minutes of fishing in my life bar none. Really large silvers on every cast, we spent most of the time doubled up. I'm fairly certain there were no two happier people on the planet at that moment. Bob Erickson
Choosing the right rod for you should depend on the kind of fishing you’re going to do. If you’re just starting out, use a rod with medium strength so that you can angle different kinds of fish, and enough responsiveness so you can easily feel when the fish bite—allowing you to quickly reel it out of the water. The ideal length of a rod should be around 11.8 inches (30 centimeters) longer than your height.
Fishing with a hook and line is called angling. In addition to the use of the hook and line used to catch a fish, a heavy fish may be landed by using a landing net or a hooked pole called a gaff. Trolling is a technique in which a fishing lure on a line is drawn through the water. Snagging is a technique where the object is to hook the fish in the body.
That being said I wish some of the current kids’ fly rods were available when I started my own son out on his journey into fly fishing. He began by using a 9 foot 5wt graphite rod that had been relegated to backup status in my quiver rods. I was a bit hesitant to have him use this rod partially because it might’ve been a bit long for him to handle at first. But I’ll be honest:  my real hesitation lie in the fact that I was worried he’d break or otherwise trash my equipment! Fortunately my son has always had a knack for anything involving movements of the arm that resemble a throwing type motion (rocks, baseballs, etc).  He was always pretty coordinated as a youngster, and the basics of fly casting came fairly easily to him and my gear suffered no serious damage. He was 11 years old when he first went fly fishing with me, and while he could have done so earlier, I felt this was a perfect time to introduce him to the sport.  Maybe it was the perfect time for me to introduce him to the sport. He already liked fishing (catching, that is), and I felt that he had the patience to deal with the inevitable pitfalls of fly casting: line tangles.
The common earthworm is a universal bait for fresh water angling. In the quest for quality worms, some fishers culture their own worm compost or practice worm charming. Grubs and maggots are also considered excellent bait when trout fishing. Grasshoppers, flies, bees and even ants are also used as bait for trout in their season, although many anglers believe that trout or salmon roe is superior to any other bait. Studies show that natural baits like croaker and shrimp are more recognized by the fish and are more readily accepted. A good bait for red drum is menhaden.[5] Because of the risk of transmitting whirling disease, trout and salmon should not be used as bait.

The bad news is that all together this kit still costs a pretty penny. The good news is that you don’t need to get it all right now. If money is an issue, start out with the absolute essentials: rod, reel, fly line, leaders, tippet and flies. In the summer on smaller streams, you can always wade wet (it’s pretty refreshing, actually); a vest should be next on your list, but you can get by without it as long as you stay simple; a hat and polarized sunglasses can wait a payday or two.

Select the brand and style you want for a basement price and join the fun today. There’s no better feeling than reeling in your first big catch of the year. Equip yourself with the proper fishing tools to make this year your best season ever. With a wide range of fishing gear, supplies, and tools, you’re never far away from bringing home a great catch.
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